Elephas tiliensis Theodorou et al.

Tilos Dwarf Elephant (Elephas tiliensis)  

The island of Tilos is located between the islands of Kos and Rhodes in the eastern Aegean Sea.  

This island, like all of the islands in the Mediterranean Sea, once harbored its own, endemic fauna, including dwarfed animals like this endemic Elephant, whose fossil remains were already discovered in the 1970s.  

The Tilos Dwarf Elephant was slightly larger than most other dwarf elephants known from other Mediterranean islands, it reached a shoulder height of about 1,2 to 1,6 m and a length of about 1,9 m.  

The species died out around 3500 B.P., meaning it survived at least until the beginning of the Aegean Bronze Age. It was probably directly hunted to extinction. [1]  



[1] G. E. Theodorou; N. Symeonides; E. Stathopoulou: Elephas tiliensis n. sp. from Tilos island (Dodecanese, Greece). Hellenic Journal of Geosciences 42: 19–32. 2007


edited: 26.03.2017