Tag Archives: Papilionidae

Meandrusa payeni ssp. payeni (Boisduval)

Yellow Gorgon (Meandrusa payeni ssp. payeni)

The Yellow Gorgon can be spilt into about six subspecies, which occur from parts of China and India to Indonesia.

The species itself seems not to be threatened yet, however, the nominate form, which was restricted to the island of Java, Indonesia, appears to be extinct now.


The photo below shows another subspecies.


Indian Yellow Gorgon (Meandrusa payeni ssp. evan (Doubleday))

Photo: Tamagha Sengupta

(under creative commons license (3.0))


edited: 17.11.2021

Parnassius mnemosyne ssp. bang-haasi Bryk

Danish Clouded Apollo (Parnassius mnemosyne ssp. bang-haasi)

The Clouded Apollo (Parnassius mnemosyne (L.)) is native to the Palearctic, it inhabits meadows and woodland clearings; the species is divided into several subspecies, of which probably at least some are very likely invalid.  

The Danish Clouded Apollo is thought to have indeed been endmic to Denmark, where several populations were found, for example on the islands of Funen, Langeland, Lolland-Falster and Zealand.

The form was last seen on Zealand in 1948 in the Knudsskov forest near Vordingborg, respectively in 1961 in the Nordskoven forest near the town of Jægerspris. 


edited: 31.10.2020

Graphium aurivilliusi Seeldrayers

Albertine Rift Butterfly (Graphium aurivilliusi)

The Albertine Rift Butterfly was described in 1896, it is known only by the type series that apparently consists of at least two male specimens.

This species was found somewhere in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, an exact locality seems not to be known.

The Albertine Rift Butterfly reaches a wingspan of 7,5 cm; the winds are blackish-brown with green-tinged white markings forming large, interrupted bands on the fore- and the hindwings. [1]

The species was never found again since its description and is possibly extinct.



[1] N. Mark Collins; Michael G. Morris:  Threatened swallowtail butterflies of the World: The IUCN Red Data Book. Intl Union for Conservation of. 1985


Depiction from: ‘E. Seeldrayers: Lépidoptères noveaux du Congo. Annales de la Société entomologique de Belgique 40: 499-505. 1896’

(public domain)


edited: 11.10.2020

Battus polydamas ssp. antiquus (Rothschild & Jordan)

Antigua Gold Rim Swallowtail (Battus polydamas ssp. antiquus)

The Antigua Gold Rim Swallowtail, described in 1906, is a subspecies of the Gold Rim Swallowtail (Battus polydamus (L.)); it is thought to have been endemic to the island of Antigua in the Lesser Antilles.

This form is actually known only from a depiction by the British entomologist Dru Drury from 1770 (see below), however, it is quite possible that this form never existed in the first place as it is known that Drury’s book contains lots of geographical and taxonomical errors.


Depiction: ‘J. O. Westwood: Illustrations of exotic entomology : containing upwards of six hundred and fifty figures and descriptions of foreign insects, interspersed with remarks and reflections on their nature and properties by Dru Drury. London: Henry G. Bohn 1837’

(public domain)


edited: 16.05.2022