Tag Archives: Ryukyu Islands

Todiramphus miyakoensis Kuroda

Ryukyu Kingfisher (Todiramphus miyakoensis)

This species, if indeed it is one, is known exclusively by a single specimen which is believed to have been collected in 1887 on the island of Miyakojima in the Ryukyu Islands, Japan.

The sole specimen is very similar to the Guam Kingfisher (Todiramphus cinnamominus (Swainson)) (see photo), itself being extinct in the wild and currently only surviving in captivity, but differs in lacking the black nape band and in having reddish instead of blackish feet. The color of its beak is not known since the specimen is lacking its rhamphotheca.


The Ryukyu Kingfisher is not accepted as a valid taxon by all ornithologists.


Guam Kingfisher (Todiramphus cinnamominus (Swainson))

Photo: Valerie Everett

(under creative commons license (2.0))


edited: 31.10.2020

Rhinolophus cornutus ssp. miyakonis Kuroda

Miyakojima Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus cornutus ssp. miyakonis)

The Little Japanese Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus cornutus Temminck) seems to be endemic to Japan where it appears to be quite widespread and can be split into several subspecies.

The Miyakojima Horseshoe Bat inhabited the Miyako Islands group in the southern Ryukyu Islands chain, it was last seen in 1971 and is now apparently extinct.


Little Japanese Horseshoe Bat (Rhinolophus cornutus Temminck); another subspecies

Photo: Σ64

(under creative commons license (4.0))


edited: 19.09.2020