Tag Archives: Tetramolopium arenarium ssp. laxum

Tetramolopium arenarium ssp. laxum Lowrey

Loose Sand Pamakani (Tetramolopium arenarium ssp. laxum)

The Sand Pamakani occurs on the islands of Hawai’i and Maui, Hawaiian Islands, with the nominate race occuring on both islands and the subspecies, discussed here having been restricted to Maui only.

The Loose Sand Pamakani is considered extinct, the same was thought of the nominate race, which, however, was rediscovered in 1989. [1][2]



[1] Timothy K. Lowrey: A biosystematic revision of Hawaiian Tetramolopium (Compositae: Astereae). Allertonia 4: 325-339. 1986
[2] Patricia P. Douglas; Robert B. Shaw: Rediscovery of Tetramolopium arenarium Subsp. arenarium var. arenarium (Asteraceae: Astereae) on the Pohakuloa Training Area, Hawaii. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 76(4): 1182-1185. 1989


edited: 15.01.2019